Usual residence five years ago
Usual residence five years ago is the address where a person considered themselves to usually live five years ago.
Usual residence five years ago, is used to:
- record population movements within New Zealand (internal migration).
- produce Linked Employer-Employee Data (LEED), a longitudinal dataset valuable for research purposes
- produce the linked (or longitudinal) census
- estimate the inter-censal components of population change.
Our current recommendations relating to usual residence five years ago
- We recommend that the census continues to collect information on usual residence five years ago with no changes.
See our preliminary view of 2018 Census content for a more detailed discussion on usual residence five years ago.
See 2013 Census information by variable for information on the usual residence five years ago variable.
Kim Ollivier Sat 9 May 2015 2:50AM
I wonder how you would find out the location of 5 year old addresses. Historic address patterns are not kept by the main custodians of addresses - NZ Post, LINZ etc.
As existing properties are subdivided the existing address and road name disappear from the records.
Bronwen (Facilitator) Mon 11 May 2015 6:12PM
Good point @kimollivier . Thanks for your comment - Bronwen
Frances Horton Wed 13 May 2015 11:33AM
In preparation for this discussion group, I did note the remarks about general fluctuation and internal migration throughout NZ. I'm wondering about the massive disruption of Christchurch citizens post-earthquake. Some left, never to return, some returned only to sort out their damaged properties and sell, others are still waiting for resolution from EQC and so on. Will the Census results for 2018 be skewed by Christchurch's earthquake events? I bear in mind Kim Ollivier's remark above about the disappearance of historic addresses - whole streets in Christchurch have been levelled. Will there be any recognition of these factors in 2018?
Bronwen (Facilitator) Thu 14 May 2015 6:38PM
Hi @franceshorton thanks for your input into this discussion. I have had this response from one of the team "the Canterbury earthquakes are a fine example of the value of the census and asking questions about internal migration – address 1 year ago and address 5 years for example – in combination with other census characteristics (usual residence, age, etc)."
Frances Horton Thu 21 May 2015 12:25AM
Thanks Bronwen. As there will always be "churn" i.e. people moving internally across NZ for all reasons, is it statistically valuable for census responders to state WHY they moved? My apologies if this question is too basic - I'm not a specialist in this field.
sarah (topic expert) Thu 21 May 2015 5:04AM
Hi @franceshorton I understand the interest in information on reasons for moving, especially in light of the Christchurch earthquakes. Collecting qualitative information on reasons for moving may not be best collected in the census, for example due to the potential number of reasons and limited space within the census. However, in 2007 Statistics NZ carried out a one-off nationwide survey of motivations for migration link. It provided insights into the drivers behind internal migration in New Zealand.
Frances Horton Thu 21 May 2015 11:01AM
Hi Sarah, thank you for your reply to my query about why people move within NZ's regions. I was considering this question in the light of the Christchurch earthquakes aftermath. Thanks also for the internal migration link provided - I followed it through and while it was interesting - I found 2007 responses to be rather dated in the light of present-day realities in 2015. So many factors have arisen since 2007: the Ch-Ch earthquakes, Auckland's housing price-bubble and supply crisis, the non-progress of the promised rail-link between Auckland & Hamilton, the GFC and its after-effects on finance & banking, the proliferation of Zero Hour contracts, to name a few. Makes 2007 seem like a golden age of prosperity by comparison. The stress on all age groups to find secure employment, good housing, liveable incomes and affordable utilities has risen expotentially. May be time for another Statistics survey, if not appropriate to the Census. Thanks!
Joanna Broad Wed 27 May 2015 2:21AM
I am interested in use of residential aged care. One the pattern we may observe is of parents of younger new migrants who move to NZ because their ?only children are here in NZ.Then when their needs become too great they may require residential care because the adult children are in paid employment. To the extent there is growth in this, we may need to ensure that facilities can provide culturally-appropriate care.
Even knowing the country of previous residence would help describe patterns in use of many health care services, not only those of residential aged care.
Mike Berry Thu 28 May 2015 5:11AM
@joannabroad great to see some workshop participants getting involved. There is some discussion relating to non-private dwellings and residents within them that provide some information about residential care for older people- would be good for you to have a read and flesh out your areas of interest in more detail, here's the link. As you're probably aware we also collect information on country of birth which gives us some information about migrants. There is also a discussion in generational attachment which is a topic that could provide more information about inter-generational migrant outcomes, it would be great if you could also join this discussion.
Bronwen (Facilitator) · Thu 30 Apr 2015 9:54PM
Hello & welcome to our discussion of “Usual residence five years ago”.
I’m Bronwen, from Statistics New Zealand. I look forward to open and inclusive discussion over the next six weeks to understand your “Usual residence five years ago” needs. Looking forward to hearing from you