Usual residence is the address where a person considers themselves to usually live. It provides a count of all people who usually live in, and were present in New Zealand on census night. It is the only means of distinguishing between those usually resident in New Zealand and overseas visitors, and between those usually living in an area or just there on census night.
Our current recommendations relating to usual residence
The collection of information on usual residence is required by law under the Statistics Act 1975, so this information must be collected in the census.
No change is recommended for usual residence.
See our preliminary view of 2018 Census content (page 18) for a more detailed discussion on usual residence information.
See 2013 Census information by variable for information on the usual residence variable.
Kim Ollivier Sat 9 May 2015 3:02AM
A significant number of people do not know their official address well enough to locate them. When enumerators called, at least they got the right meshblock. But with online entry that check might be missing. Perhaps an online validation is required to be confirmed on a map. If an address does not pass, it would then need manual intervention. How precise does the address have to be? Maybe the flat number can be ignored, but that would mean that the population counts may not match the dwelling counts.
Kim Ollivier Sat 9 May 2015 3:04AM
Will there be any attempt to reconcile alias addresses? These are in-use addresses that are not the same as the 'official' address. Unfortunately NPAD is only alias addresses, they simply record whatever a customer puts on their letterbox.
Kim Ollivier Sat 9 May 2015 3:32AM
Perhaps redesign the fields for address to encourage more complete addresses and avoid postal addresses? eg PO Box and RD numbers? Separate out flat numbers explicitly so they are not confused with street numbers, there is no place for street number alpha, street type could be on a separate line, the flat number should be placed before the street number on the form. The flat number might be a unit letter or floor. There is no space for that. The address should say 'situation address', not 'postal address'.
There could be an optional postcode, this would help resolve ambiguous road name mis-spellings.
If the address is not complete, then a space for a building or farm name would be useful because we can use a lookup to locate these.
Kim Ollivier Sat 9 May 2015 3:47AM
The guidelines allow overseas residents to add in a non-new zealand address, but there is no field for 'country'
There is no advice on how to fill in an address in the guide.
Joanna Broad Wed 27 May 2015 2:04AM
I undertake research on health of older people, including on population use of residential aged care. I have commented elsewhere on reporting on use of retirement villages that I suggest needs to be routinely tracked in censuses.
But of even greater importance is good information on people living in residential aged care (e.g. rest home or geriatric hospital). While the census now captures (we think) most people living in care, we do not know how often people living in care are away from the facility, eg visiting family or in acute hospital on census night. Nor how many use residential care for short-term stays (to give family caregivers a break or for rehabilitation).
Might it be possible to glean a little more information for people who are not in their usual place of residence on census night, and produce tables of adjusted counts of people who are usually resident in care?
My only concern is that some people may say they still live in when they have moved into care and it is not expected that they will move out again. I don't know how StatsNZ would get round that.
Bronwen (Facilitator) Wed 27 May 2015 2:08AM
Thanks for your comments @joannabroad. I will pass this round for the team to look at and will get back to you with a response - Bronwen
Alexandra Gates Tue 9 Jun 2015 10:16PM
Just a thought from an ordinary citizen whose only interest in the census is filling it out. Many people have no fixed residence or identifiable residence: people who live nomadic lifestyles in mobile homes or who live in various styles of habitations in remote rural locations (off road) or in caravans in holiday parks, etc. I think these sections of the population are of no interest to the people who rely on statistics information for their organisations, but still I think it is a requirement that we fill in the census?
Frances Horton Fri 12 Jun 2015 2:31PM
Hi Alexandra, perhaps the information about people of no fixed abode such as you describe would be of interest to many: NGO's who work in this field, Government departments, charities, and many others who would find value in identifying the numbers in this situation.
While many individuals might choose to live this way, many in Auckland and elsewhere are forced to do so because of the crisis in housing affordability and availability. This is an emerging trend that didn't exist in NZ in the past [except perhaps the Great Depression years].
Mike Berry Mon 15 Jun 2015 3:27AM
Hi @alexandragates in response to your query - yes we collect information on different dwelling types such as private dwelling in a motor camp, mobile dwelling not in a motor camp, improvised dwellings or shelter (cars, garages, shacks etc.) and roofless or rough sleeper. People in these situations are still required to fill in the census to ensure we get the best population count possible and assign them to a meshblock (smallest geographic unit). There is currently more work being done on how best to capture these people.
Bronwen (Facilitator) · Thu 30 Apr 2015 9:52PM
Hello & welcome to our discussion of “Usual residence”.
I’m Bronwen, from Statistics New Zealand. I look forward to open and inclusive discussion over the next six weeks to understand your “Usual residence” needs. Looking forward to hearing from you